VEHICLES IS VERY PRELIMINARY STAGE. MANY VEHICLE OPTIONS, AND ALTERNATIVE FUELS, CAN BE CONSIDERED. THIS DOES NOT NEED TO BE DECIDED IMMEDIATELY.
A FINAL DECISION ON CAN BE MADE DURING BRT ENGINEERING DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION.
The newest vehicles in the transit fleet are used for rapid transit service. These vehicles include the following passenger features:
- low-floor easy access buses
- wheelchair ramp
- kneeling feature to reduce the step from/to the platform
- air conditioning
- cushioned seats
- additional leg room
- next stop displays/announcements
- route destination announcements when pulling into a station or stop,
- security camera system
- high-quality suspension system
- large windows
- GPS tracking which provides real-time departure data to Transit’s passenger information systems.
BRT station dimensions and configuration
The BRT stations have been designed taking into account:
BRT passenger demand and bus flows in the short and long term
BRT fleet requirements
physical conditions of the roadway
station access and nearby demand points
various functional, aesthetic and cost factors.
A transit mall with BRT is proposed in the central area, as well as changes to traffic circulation.
Major changes include Quai Fa Ngum changing from one-way east-west to one-way west-east, and Rue Setthathilath changing from one-way westeast to two-way bus-only traffic. As a result, traffic in Rue Setthathilath (currently west-east) will mostly be diverted to Quai Fa Ngum, with traffic in Quai Fa Ngum (currently east-west) mostly diverted to Rue Samsenthai.
The proposed one-way section northwest of Patuxay Park, in which sections of 23 Singha Road and Ave Kaysone are changed to one-way, is a preferred option, though a BRT design was also completed in which the current two-way traffic operation in this area is maintained.
Access by motor vehicles to the central area is retained, though note that:
●● Traffic accessing Wat Xieng Gneun Rd will need to use the temple access road connecting to Quai Fa Ngum rather than the current access road from the proposed transit mall. This temple driveway access is already currently used for regular access to Quai Fa Ngum. Alternatively, or late at night after the temple gates are closed, access to Wat Xieng Gneun Rd could take place for permitted vehicles through the grounds of the Lao Broadcasting
●● The three areas marked ‘limited access’ will only be allowed to enter with pre-registered number plates, and/
or only at limited times. The proposed circulation changes are illustrated following. This graphic shows mixed traffic
circulation; not BRT circulation. BRT vehicles will operate two-way along the transit mall and two way along Lane Xang Ave. and Nongbone Road. A 70m section of Rue Manthatourath north of the transit mall is also proposed to be pedestrianized in order to avoid unnecessary traffic crossing the BRT corridor and transit mall.
BRT station access
BRT station access is a key part of BRT planning, as every BRT passenger accesses and leaves the BRT station on foot. During the BRT planning it is recommended that a separate study be initiated, looking at ways to improve BRT station access to every BRT station. This planning includes links between BRT stations and major developments along the BRT corridor and requires detailed analysis of:
●● Straight line distance to the BRT station from various locations, compared to actual walking distance to the BRT station, in order to calculate a level of service for each station based on detour factors.
●● BRT station entries from the walkway, across the road, and into the BRT fare collection area.
●● Shade and weather protection.
●●Major trip generation points around BRT stations, and corresponding pedestrian flows.
●● Inventory of bike parking facilities around BRT stations.
BRT station dimensions and configuration
Station architectural concepts are show in the following pages, including station renderings. The proposed model includes the development of infrastructure and supporting public transport facilities such as segregated bus lanes and specifically designed BRT stations. These stations are universally accessible. Marked or signalized street level pedestrian crossings at central locations or at ends of stations for easy access will be provided.
The system will feature an integrated ticketing system in the form of smart-card technology. Passengers will enter and depart the platform through sets of turnstiles. A staffed ticket office will be located adjacent to a covered entry and exit area with utilities and staff amenities. Both printed timetables and electronic real time passenger information systems will be provided in key areas of the stations. The height of the platform above the bus lanes will be 35cm, matching the height of the vehicle for level boarding and alighting. Buses will stop at designated bus positions on one side of the central platform, so all buses will be required to have doors in both sides of the bus.
The BRT will be an iconic project and feature of Vientiane, and a high level of attention and expert supervision needs to be given to architectural quality of the stations not only during the design stages, but also during construction.