How much will cost and where will the money come from? 

The Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) has requested a loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB) in parallel cofinancing with a loan from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) – to finance the Vientiane Sustainable Urban Transport Project. Additionally, the Government has requested a grant also in parallel cofinancing – from the European Union’s Asian Investment Facility (EU-AIF) to finance the project implementation and detailed design consultants, an international consulting firm, herein referred to as the Project Implementation Consultant (PIC).

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has provided a loan of 35 million U.S. dollars, while another loan of 15 million U.S. dollars was offered by the OPEC Fund for International Development, and a loan of 20 million U.S. dollars was provided by the European Investment Bank

BRT is an order of magnitude cheaper than other mass transit options in Vientiane, with the cost likely to be approximately US$5 million per kilometer.

Who are executing the project?

The Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT), as the executing agency (EA), engaged the services of Eptisa and its partners as PIC. The PIC shall provide project implementation assistance and professional services to the Government for the VSUTP and shall hold a fundamental role in ensuring the overall project implementation process is delivered in a timely and efficient manner. The PIC will verify, update, and finalize the project concepts, recommendations, and designs included in the VSUTP Project Preparation Study, develop the detailed planning of the VSUTP, and provide supervisory assistance during the system’s construction and start-up

BRT planning & design was carried out for modeling and operations, stations, road sections (at and between stations), BRT road and intersection design, traffic circulation, station access planning, and modal integration. All roads, stations and intersections along the corridor were designed as part of the study. Detailed costings were carried out.

Will the new system help Vientiane economically?

Most of the major shopping and commercial areas in all the city will have BRT stops.  In addition, larger employment centers of pedicaps will be connected to BRT, making moving people to and from the city easier.  Because BRT serves all of these areas equally, it will likely not change existing shopping patterns in a significant way.

What is the current status of the project?

Preliminary engineering has begun on the project, which has been funded by existing transportation studies levied by Vientiane a few years ago.  Various stakeholder groups have been convened to discuss technical aspects of making the route work as effectively as possible. VSUTP has begun meeting with the Transit Administration. If all proceeds as outlined, the project will be formally submitted for funding within a few months.  Delays in the preliminary engineering, including significant route changes, would push back the funding of the project and reduce the probability that the project will be competitively selected for federal grant funds.

What amenities are proposed to bus stops?

Bus stop amenities within the project limits would be upgraded to include new easier-to-read bus stop signs and, where possible, real-time information displays and shelters at stops that do not already have them. Decorative bridge edging would also be installed at new transit bulbs.

BRT stations are a critical part of any BRT system.

The proposed first phase BRT corridor has 23 BRT stations, with a possible additional station at the University (budget permitting). The corridor will feature segregated BRT lanes along the entire length.

How would new transit-only lanes be enforced?

Buses are equipped with dashboard cameras that can cite parked vehicles in transit-only lanes. However, moving violations cannot be cited due to state law, so enforcement would rely on traditional methods. During initial implementation, enforcement would be increased along the corridor to educate and ensure compliance of the transit-only lanes.

Will you be adding more service as a part of the project?

VSUTP regularly monitors service across its entire network and makes adjustments to address crowding when possible and within operating budget constraints. If enough travel time savings are added by the Rapid Project improvements, that savings could be reinvested into more service on the city.

How does this project improve safety for people walking?

Currently, a person crossing Vientiane is eight times more likely to be hit by a vehicle than other the city average. The Project aims to improve safety for people walking by redesigning intersections to make them safer, introducing new crosswalks and reducing the number of travel lanes in some parts of the corridor to calm traffic speeds.

In addition, traffic signals would be retimed and coordinated throughout the corridor to provide more time for people of all abilities to cross safely. Pedestrian countdown signals would also be added for crosswalks that do not already have them, and accessible pedestrian signals would be installed at all upgraded traffic signals.

Won’t reducing travel lanes increase traffic?

Currently, the main streets Vientiane corridor has discontinuous traffic lanes. Some segments have two or three lanes, while other segments have one lane. Cars weaving in and out of lanes contributes to congestion.  A travel lane would be removed in each direction between XXXX and XXX to match the number of lanes upstream and downstream, making for smoother overall traffic flow. Traffic signals would also be upgraded and retimed for improved progression.

During the environmental review process, future travel demand was estimated in order to study the impacts of removing these travel lanes. The results vary by intersection, but overall the study found that fewer total intersections would experience high levels of delay with the project than without. Many people driving would continue to drive along Vientiane, while a small number of drivers may choose to divert to other parallel streets.

What are the overall parking impacts?

Parking loss is a trade-off for better bus service and safer streets for people walking. These goals are accomplished mostly by sidewalk extensions at bus stops and pedestrian “bulb-outs,” which extend the sidewalk at the corner of the street to shorten crossing distances for people walking. “Daylighting” to make people walking more visible to drivers by converting the parking space closest to the approach to the intersection to a red painted curb.

Are there any benefits for people riding in the new pedicabs?

Sustanaible transport

 Are many.

  • The ticket fairs cost per will be publish in one APP in order to
  • Clean, Quiet, User sustainable They are going to be distributed around near by the BRT station to help the last mile distance to final destination.
  • Geary is a wide street and serves high traffic volumes, therefore parallel corridors (such as Post Street) are better for east-west bike routes. Geary Rapid Project bicycle proposals focus on improvements for people biking across Geary along north-south bike routes including Masonic Avenue, and Webster and Steiner streets. These improvements include green-backed sharrows in the intersection that signal the best path for cyclists to cross the street; bike traffic signals that give people biking a head start; and painting the existing sharrows on Geary between Masonic and Presidio green.

What is Moviane BRT? (or final System Name)

A Moviane is a high-quality, affordable, safe and convenient rapid transit public bus service. It is easily distinguishable from the current bus services and conforms to national policy on public transport.

Why a bus rapid transit service?

Frustration over worsening traffic conditions is a problem in metropolitan areas worldwide. Several countries that have embraced bus rapid transit (BRT) to improve their public transport have found that their traffic problems have been significantly reduced. The City of Vientiane recognizes that traffic congestion has become a major problem for vehicle drivers, particularly during peak hours. At the same time, residents of less affluent areas depend on affordable public transport to get to work or school. By implementing a cost-effective and efficient public transport system, road safety will improve and congestion will reduce, while residents’ mobility will increase. The City of Vientiane also expects the number of road accidents to decrease, as people will be less likely to rely on private vehicles for transportation.

Why A Moviane and not other modes of transport?

A new urban mobility system will help reduce congestion on Vientiane roads and the associated air pollution. The implementation of A Moviane is seen as an economic development project with short, medium and long-term impacts and benefits. The system and the accessibility it brings will go a long way towards physically and mentally integrating Vientiane and improving the quality of life of its inhabitants. Reliable public transport will also result in more flexible employment and transport arrangements, which are currently often constrained by the existing bus and tuktuk systems.

Considering that traffic volumes are escalating by 7% per year in the economically active corridor carbon dioxide emissions from private cars will increasingly contribute to global warming. The buses of the A Re Yeng service will comply with Euro 6 emission specifications.

Public transport has a poor reputation among bus users. How will A Moviane be different?

The existing public transport, too frequently, is overcrowded and unsafe with excessive journey times. This has led to an increased reliance on private cars for transport, with inadequate pedestrian and tuktuk facilities. A Moviane will transform existing public transport by reducing road congestion as well as urban pollution, creating a cleaner and more pleasant city for all.

Other than job creation, what benefits will A Moviane bring to Vientiane?

Is an efficient, reliable and frequent public mobility service. It creates an inner city pedestrian and cyclist-friendly environment while improving access for people with disabilities. It also enhances the urban environment with a parking on-street regulations while reducing vehicle emissions and inner city pollution. In essence it is a fully integrated transport system for all Vientiane residents.

In terms of job creation and job losses, what are the implications of A Moviane Mobility System?

Central to the planning around the system was job creation. With the new mobility system, the City of Vientiane foresaw additional job opportunities for:

  • Customer service staff   • Fare collection staff   • Security Personnel   • Maintenance staff
  • Parking staff   • Inspection staff   • Drivers staff

Overall, a Moviane has a positive impact on thousands of people working in the public transport industry. The bus services will be contracted by the City of Vientiane to a Bus Operating company owned by current operators affected by the introduction of the A Moviane services. This includes tuktuk and bus operators. The City of Vientiane undertook this project with the understanding that there will be no loss of employment in the sector.

When will BRT service begin?

Implementation of a new transit service must go through various phases of development before the new service can be initiated. In 2016, Vientiane council completed a Feasibility Study and selected a preferred route option. In 2018, The VSUTP will advance the project’s design phase which will include developing roadway and station designs, completing an environmental assessment and requesting federal funds. Upon the successful completion of the design phase, construction of the system could begin in 2020 with service starting as middle as 2021.

How much will a BRT ride cost?

BRT will be fully integrated into the system, and the cost to ride BRT will be the same as the cost to ride as other similar BRT in Asia services taking in counts the Laos living cost. The BRT system will also accept cash, daily, weekly and monthly bus passes.

How fast do BRT buses travel?

BRT bus drivers are trained to never go faster than the legal speed limit. The “rapid” in “bus rapid transit” refers to the travel time savings realized by BRT service features that make travel more efficient compared with normal bus service. The full 12 kms route is expected to take less than 30 minutes, a travel time savings of up to 13 minutes compared with existing transit ways.

How does BRT impact road safety?

A recent report released by the International Road Transit Association states that BRT transit is 10 times safer than car travel. In addition, many experts believe adding bus service makes neighborhoods safer by taking cars off the road; plus, BRT features calm traffic and increase driver awareness. Exclusive transit lanes reduce weaving and cars won’t get stuck behind idling buses. Enhanced boarding stations provide lighting to make safer, more visible locations. They also remind motorists to watch for buses and passengers getting on and off at the stations.

If I have to walk further to get on the bus, am I really saving time?

It is true that the BRT will consolidate local bus stops in the corridor. However, we have studied the current number of people riding the bus along this alignment and have placed the BRT stations in areas with the highest number of bus riders and where currently has bus routes intersecting the BRT line. Additionally, BRT will operate more frequently and more reliability in dedicated bus lanes. With dedicated bus lanes, BRT can maintain a precise schedule and the travel time for riders will significantly improve.  BRT users save an average of 13 minutes each way during their daily commutes


Travel Time Savings

Dedicated bus lanes separate BRT buses from mixed traffic, allowing them to travel more quickly through a city. Pre-paid boarding and level platforms – reminiscent of a metro station rather than the traditional bus stop – speed up passenger boarding, while traffic signal management that prioritizes BRT buses and high-frequency bus service minimizes waiting times.

These features have a significantly positive impact in cities where BRT systems operate. In Johannesburg, BRT users save an average of 13 minutes each way during their daily commutes. In Istanbul, the savings are even greater – the typical Metrobüs passenger saves 52 minutes per day. Mexico City stands to save US$141 million in regained economic productivity as a result of travel time reductions from Metrobús Line 3.

In terms of quality of life, travel time savings is perhaps the most important benefit of BRT systems: it allows passengers more time to live, not commute.

GHG and Local Air Pollutant Emissions Reductions

BRT reduces the overall amount of vehicle kilometers traveled (VKT) in a city by shifting commuters to high-capacity buses that can carry up to 160 passengers at a time. Fewer vehicles transporting the same amount of passengers reduces traffic congestion, and presents the opportunity to replace older, more polluting vehicles.

The incorporation of modern fuel efficiency technologies into BRT buses and better driver training can also contribute to lower fuel consumption and emissions. These cleaner vehicle and fuel technologies lower the concentration of ambient air pollution citywide and inside BRT vehicles. Passenger exposure to air pollution at stations or inside buses is further reduced by shorter travel times, meaning cities have a major opportunity to reduce local air pollutants by implementing BRT systems. For example, Metrobús Line 3 in Mexico City is poised to eliminate more than 2,000 days of lost work due to illness, four new cases of chronic bronchitis, and two deaths per year, saving the city an estimated US$ 4.5 million.

Traffic Safety Improvements

Implementing BRT systems contributes to reductions in traffic crashes and fatalities in a few key ways. First, an overall reduction in VKT results in fewer drivers on the road and a safer transport environment for drivers, pedestrians, and cyclists alike. Second, dedicated bus lanes reduce interaction between buses and other vehicles, minimizing the risk for traffic crashes. Finally, BRT can change bus drivers’ behavior by reducing on-the-road competition with other vehicles and providing opportunities to improve driver training.

The case of Latin America showcases BRT’s safety benefits: streets with BRT systems saw an average 40 percent reduction in fatalities and injuries. Further evidence suggests that BRT and other forms of sustainable transport are under-acknowledged components of traffic safety planning, with an enormous potential to reduce traffic crashes and save lives.

Increased Physical Activity

BRT systems also increase physical activity for passengers, thanks to the spacing of BRT terminals, which tend to require longer walking distances than private vehicles and other motorized modes of transport. Despite the distance, shorter overall travel times make BRT worth the walk, with passengers across the world consistently moving through the city faster even with more time spent getting to terminals. Mexico City’s Metrobús passengers walk an average of 2.75 minutes more per day than before the city implemented its BRT system. Users of Beijing’s BRT system have added 8.5 minutes of daily walking as a result of the BRT. Because the World Health Organization recommends adults aged 18-64 do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week, BRT passengers already have a jump start on a healthy lifestyle just from their daily commute.

Scaling Up BRT Globally

As a growing transport solution in both developed and developing countries, BRT and busway systems already have a combined daily ridership of more than 29 million people in 171 cities around the world as of October 2018. An additional 143 BRT systems are currently being implemented or expanded. This new analysis supports the global scaling up of BRT systems, in addition to offering recommendations for policymakers, technical experts, and financing bodies to maximize the benefits of BRT. As a safer, cleaner, and more efficient mode of transport that gives people more time for their personal lives, BRT is a smart solution to cities’ urban transport challenges.